~ Mars is a small, rocky planet which is cold and lifeless.
   
~ The first spacecraft to visit Mars was Mariner 4 in 1965. Several others followed including the two Viking landers in 1976. After a long break, Mars Pathfinder landed successfully on Mars on July 4, 1997.
   
~ Mars has permanent ice caps at both poles made up mostly of solid carbon dioxide. We know this as "dry ice."
   
~ Very strong winds and vast dust storms sometimes blow through the entire planet for months!
   
~ Mars has two tiny moons which orbit very close to the surface. Their names are Phobos and Deimos.